Table of Contents Section 4
- Purpose of the Hazard Communications Program
- Access to the Written Program
- Hazard Recognition/Determination
- Hazardous Chemical Inventory
- Material Safety Data Sheets
- Container Labels
- Hazardous Substances in Unlabeled Pipes
- Employee Information & Training
- Informing Contractors and Contract Workers
- Hazardous Non-routine Tasks
- Emergency Response
The College Hazard Communication program applies to those personnel who work with hazardous chemicals in non-laboratory settings or who enter labs for repairs/maintenance activities but do not work with the chemicals present in those labs. (The Chemical Hygiene Plan covers the use of hazardous chemicals in the laboratory setting. Refer to Section 5.) The Haz Comm program establishes a framework for communicating the hazards of the chemicals found in College work spaces to non-laboratory UCB employees.
All employees who work with hazardous chemicals (solvents, paints, adhesives, chemical reagents, etc.) in a non-laboratory environment fall under the program and should review this section carefully. Units typically affected by the Hazard Communication program include the College Shops, Receiving, Stores, Chemical Reuse facility and instructional support. However, administrative units may have responsibilities under this plan if hazardous chemicals are used in their work places.
Supervisory personnel have specific responsibilities under the Hazard Communication program that are essential in ensuring the relevant hazard information is made available to their staff. Procedures for acquiring and managing SDS forms and the provision of safety training are detailed in this section.
This written plan is intended to partially satisfy regulations promulgated under Title 8, California Code of Regulations, Section 5194 "Hazard Communication".
The written Hazard Communication Program is available to all employees, their representatives, and contractors. Additional copies of this program are available through the College of Chemistry Research Safety Program located at 317 Lewis Hall.
Supervisors have the primary responsibility of implementing the hazard communication program for all activities under their control. Specifically, these responsibilities include:
- Ensuring that SDS's are readily available to employees.
- Ensuring that all chemicals are labeled, marked or tagged and that appropriate hazard warning information is contained on each label. Labels must be in English.
- Maintaining a list of all chemicals used in the workspace under their control.
- Providing training to all employees as outlined in the training section of this plan.
All College employees are responsible for taking the initiative to utilize the information sources within the Hazard Communication Program and to practice safe chemical handling.
College of Chemistry Research Safeety PRogram
Under the direction of the Senior Assistant Dean for Facilities Operations and Research Safety, Staff members will assist supervisors and principal investigators in implementing the Hazard Communication Program in their units on a request basis. Assistance to supervisors may involve, helping to obtain SDS's for certain materials, and interpreting SDS information and making recommendations about methods of minimizing exposure to specific chemicals.
The College of Chemistry will rely on hazard determinations performed by the chemical manufacturers, importers and distributors for all chemicals obtained commercially. Information present on manufacturer's labels and SDS's will therefore serve as the basis for determining the hazards of chemicals used in the College. In addition, chemicals which appear in the following references or lists are to be considered health or physical hazards:
- California Code of Regulations, Title 8, §339 Director's List of Hazardous Substances.
- California Code of Regulations, Title 8, § 5155 "Airborne Contaminants"
- Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances in the Work Environment, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
- National Toxicology Program (NTP), Sixth Annual Report on Carcinogens, 1991
- International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man, Vols. 1 - 53, and Supplements 1 - 8, World Health Organization
- CFR Part 1910, Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Every unit or department within the College of Chemistry shall keep an inventory of all hazardous chemicals used by the unit. Preparation and submittal of a chemical inventory is the responsibility of the supervisor for the unit or department. At a minimum, chemical inventories must be managed online through the UC Chemical Inventory System or CIS. Additional inventories can be managed as long as the CIS inventory is updated regularly.
The identity of all hazardous substances appearing on the "Hazardous Chemicals Inventory" list must be the same names of those that appear on the manufacturer's label and on the Safety Data Sheet (SDS). The chemical inventory serves as an index to the SDS file for the unit.
Location and Accessibility
Safety Data Sheets SDS provide valuable information concerning the hazards of the chemicals we work with in the College. A Safety Data Sheet containing the information required by the Hazard Communication Standard will be kept for each hazardous substance listed on the "Hazardous Chemicals Inventory." The most current SDS supplied by the chemical manufacturer or distributor shall be accessible to anyone requesting it.
SDS's can be found via this link: http://ehs.berkeley.edu/hazardous-materials/safety-data-sheets-formerly-msds
Supervisors must provide information to their employees on any new or revised SDS's, within 30 days of receipt, for new or existing chemicals. This information may indicate any increased risks to health and safety or measures necessary for employees to protect themselves as compared to those stated on the previous sheets.
Requesting SDS's from the Manufacturer/Distributor
Concurrent with ordering a new chemical, supervisors or their designee for a particular unit should request that an SDS accompany the shipment. Preferably, the SDS should accompany the shipment inside the box in which the chemical is transported. The group should keep all new SDS's on file . An electronic copy will suffice.
Campus Office of EH&S should be notified if a complete SDS is not obtainable from a manufacturer or distributor. The Safety Officer will send a written request for the SDS. If the manufacturer or distributor fails to provide the SDS, they should be reported to EH&S and their product will no longer be used or purchased until a SDS has been received. EH&S will forward a complaint to Cal/OSHA concerning the manufacturer or distributor not providing the requested SDS.
When the chemical arrives in the workplace, supervisors or their designees will check to see if an SDS was shipped with the order. If no SDS was shipped and one was requested, the supervisor will immediately inform the manufacturer and ask them to fax or mail one directly to them. Once the SDS is received, the supervisor will copy it and place the original in the SDS binder for the unit.
It is College of Chemistry policy that original and/or secondary containers of hazardous substances be properly labeled. Each supervisor will ensure that all containers have either the original manufacturer's label or a generic label that includes the following:
a) Product identity (trade, product, or chemical name)
b) Appropriate hazard warnings (health and physical hazards)
Labeling requirements do not apply for chemicals transferred from a labeled container into another container (i.e. measuring cups, mixing jugs, etc.) that is intended for the immediate use of the person who performed the transfer. Note that immediate use implies the chemical will be used during the work shift. Secondary containers must be labeled if the material is to remain in the container for any length of time after the work shift. All label information must be in English.
No label shall be defaced or removed when material is received or in use. Employees should ensure that all containers are labeled and report to their supervisors all deficiencies.
Supervisors must ensure that all pipes containing hazard materials (i.e. natural gas lines, waste lines) are labeled with the contents of the pipe. Employees are not to work on any unlabeled pipes until the contents of the pipe are determined and appropriate safety precautions have been determined for the work. Employees should notify their supervisors whenever their work involves disturbing unlabeled pipes. Campus EH&S will assist the supervisor in determining a safe operating procedure for working on such pipe(s).
Initial Hazard Communication Training
Initial training on the Hazard Communication Program is given to all new employees by their immediate supervisor (see Section 3 of the College of Chemistry Health and Safety Manual -- The Injury and Illness Prevention Program). Information provided in the initial Hazard Communication Program training includes:
- describing the Hazard Communication Standard and emphasizing the Right to Know concept
- informing employees about the written program and how to obtain a copy
- how to interpret and access SDS information
- review of labeling requirements (containers and pipes)
Additional information concerning hazard reporting and abatement and emergency response must also be discussed in the context of the College's Injury & Illness Prevention Program (Section 3 of the College of Chemistry Health and Safety Manual).
Information & Training on Specific Chemical Hazards
In addition to the initial training requirements detailed above, supervisors shall provide employees with information and training on the specific hazardous substances in their work areas. This training must be provided within 30 days of an employee's initial assignment or reassignment, and whenever a new substance is introduced into the work area. This includes temporary employees and contractors.
This training and information will include:
- Identification/recognition of any departmental operation where hazardous substances are present
- Explanation of the purpose and contents of an MSDS, interpretation of the hazard information contained within, and description of the location of the departmental MSDS documents
- Methods to detect the presence of hazardous substances in the workplace (alarms, odors, etc.)
- Methods to minimize exposure to hazardous substances in the workplace, including proper hygiene practices, personal protective equipment (PPE), and emergency procedures
- Specific hazard information covering non-routine work assignments as periodically performed by employees
Managers and supervisors are responsible for ensuring that outside contractors/contract workers (contract trades, temporary workers, etc.) can perform their tasks safely. This includes providing the contractor with the following information prior to starting a job:
- Hazardous substances that they may encounter during their work activities
- Information on obtaining MSDS's, and on the labeling systems used
- Precautions which the employees may take to lessen the possibility of exposure by using appropriate protective measures
Periodically, employees may be required to perform hazardous non-routine tasks. Prior to starting work on such projects, affected employees are to contact their supervisors for the following information:
- Specific hazards
- Protective/safety measures which must be used
- Measures taken to lessen the hazards including ventilation, PPE, buddy systems, and/or specific emergency procedures
EH&S are available to assist supervisors in determining the precautions for non-routine tasks.
The range and quantity of hazardous substances used in the College requires pre-planning to respond safely to chemical spills and emergencies. The clean-up of a small chemical spill should only be done by knowledgeable and experienced personnel that are familiar with the chemical hazards and the personnel protective equipment needed. A minor spill is one that can be handled by the employee(s) safely without assistance. All other chemical spills are to be considered large. Clean-up of a large spill will require contacting the Berkeley Fire Department (911) and/or EH&S Dedicated Incident Response Team 510-642-3073.
Minor (small) Chemical Spills
In the event of a minor chemical spill, if there is no potential for chemical exposure, the following procedures are to be followed:
- Alert all people located in the immediate spill area
- Call the College Facilities Management hotline at 510-643-6060 to report the incident
- Consult the SDS or other relevant safety information to select the proper personal protective equipment
- Use appropriate materials to neutralize and absorb inorganic acids and bases
- For other chemicals, use appropriate absorbent (i.e. vermiculite, diatomaceous earth, spill pads) to cover and absorb the spill.
- Place all remaining solid spill residue, absorbent and contaminated PPE into a white contaminated lab debris bucket for disposal
- If necessary, perform a final cleaning of the spill area using water or other appropriate detergent that is compatible with spill residue
Major (large) Chemical Spill
In the event of a major chemical spill, the primary objective is to take action to ensure that personnel are protected from exposure and to activate the Campus Emergency Response Plan. The following procedures must be followed in any large chemical spill event:
- Attend to injured or contaminated persons and remove them and yourself from exposure
- Alert people in the immediate area to evacuate
- If spilled material is flammable, turn off all ignition and heat sources
- From a safe location, call the College Facilities Management hotline at 510-643-6060
- Be prepared to report: location of incident, nature of injuries, material spilled, quantity spilled
- Under direction of the Emergency Action Director, assist emergency response personnel by providing relevant information about the incident
Small fires can be extinguished without evacuation. However, an immediate readiness to evacuate is essential in the event the fire cannot be controlled. Fire extinguishers should be used only by trained personnel.
The following immediate procedures must be followed in the event of a fire:
- Alert others in area and activate the building fire alarm
- Insure that there is a safe exit behind you before attempting to extinguish the fire
- Smother fire or use correct fire extinguisher (only if trained to do so and if you feel comfortable using a fire extinguisher) -- call the Facilities Management hotline at 510-643-6060 after extinguishing the fire
- If fire cannot be extinguished easily by smothering or with a fire extinguisher, evacuate to a safe location and call 911 followed by 510-643-6060. Remain accessible to emergency responders to provide information about the fire
- Alert people in area to evacuate
- Close door and windows (if safe to do so) before leaving lab or room
- Activate the nearest fire alarm pull box and call 911
- Also call the emergency action directors line at 510-643-6060
- Evacuate to a safe location or exit building through the stairwell (never take the elevator)
- Remain accessible to emergency responders to provide information about the fire