Naomi Ginsberg

Naomi Ginsberg

Associate Professor of Chemistry

email: nsginsberg@berkeley.edu
office: D64A Hildebrand Hall
phone: 510-643-9153
lab: D71, D73, D91, B39 Hildebrand
group office: D62/64 Hildebrand Hall
group phone: 510-643-9155

Research Group
Recent Publications


Research Interests

in situ imaging and spectroscopy of emerging materials in physical and biophysical chemistry

Many investigations in the Ginsberg group concern the fundamental properties and mechanisms of the formation and emergent properties of hierarchical materials – materials that include a hierarchy of bond strengths because their basic building blocks, molecules or nanoparticles, are more complex than individual atoms. Hierarchical materials present a wide array of underexplored phase behaviors and emergent properties. While everyday examples range from glasses and plastics to QD and OLED displays, hierarchical materials also include biological assemblies, a vast array of next-generation semiconductors that can be formed with far more modest protocols than conventional ones are are being explored for solar cells and other energy-related applications, and metal organic frameworks being celebrated for their porosity amenable to selective gas adsorption, nanoreactions, and catalytic function.

Taking electronic materials—semiconductors or conductors—as an example, one can easily imagine how the various structures of solids formed from these components would impact the band structure in ways that are more challenging to orchestrate with individual atoms alone. These building blocks take up space and can be anisotropic or have different symmetries than atoms do on their own, which offers the exciting possibility to create materials with new and different emergent properties well beyond their bulk moduli. The weaker bonds between building blocks even permit close-to-room temperature material formation from precursors. One current related hallmark of the typical structures of hierarchical materials, however, is that they are often trapped far from equilibrium, presenting the opportunity to investigate how local structural variations or other heterogeneities affect their emergent properties.

How are hierarchical materials' structures and the processes by which they are formed similar to or different from atomic materials? Since these materials involve multiple interdependent forces determining the complex configurations of their building blocks, how do these add or balance at different scales in order to self assemble and how could these interactions be manipulated to best stabilize their structures either in- or out equilibrium? How do their emergent properties, such as various forms of energy transport relate to their unique structures?

To address these questions we develop and employ a wide range of characterization strategies to follow the nanoscale dynamics of hierarchical material formation, phase transformations, and energy transport, tailoring the length and time scales accessible to the particular processes at hand and taking care to mitigate damage. These range from a suite of in situ low-exposure scanning electron and cathodoluminescence microscopies and in situ storage ring and free electron laser hard X-ray scattering techniques for following material assembly and other phase transitions to ultrafast optical spatiotemporally resolved microscopies to relate energy transport to structure. These allow us to investigate the fundamental microscopic mechanisms responsible for remarkable non-equilibrium, triggered, or driven processes in a wide range of frontier semiconductors, including organics, metal halide perovskites, covalent organic frameworks, 2D materials, nanocrystal superlattices, ion conducting materials important for solar fuels generation, natural and biomimetic photosynthetic light harvesting, and model systems.

Biography

Associate Professor of Chemistry and Physics

  • B.A.Sc., University of Toronto (2000)
  • Ph.D., Harvard University (2007)
  • Glenn T. Seaborg Postdoctoral Fellow, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2007-2010)
  • Cupola Era Endowed Chair in the College of Chemistry (2010-2012)
  • Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering (2011)
  • DARPA Young Faculty Award (2012)
  • Department of Chemistry Teaching Award (2013)
  • Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship (2015)
  • Donald Sterling Noyce Prize for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching (2015)
  • UC Berkeley Department of Chemistry Teaching Award (2015)
  • Camille and Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award (2016)
  • Miller Professor, UC Berkeley (2017-18)
  • UC Women's Initiative for Professional Development (2018)
  • Kavli Fellow–NAS Kavli Frontiers of Science Symposium (2018)
  • Kroto Lecturer (2019)
  • ACS Early-Career Award in Experimental Physical Chemistry (2020)
  • American Physical Society Fellow (2021)